Oral Medication Route | Pharmacology NCLEX & Nursing School Exams Like A Boss

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Oral Medication Route – Notes

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ORAL MEDICATION ROUTE NCLEX QUIZ QUESTIONS

Question 1: What is the best way for the nurse to make sure that the right patient is receiving a prescribed drug when the patient is alert and oriented?

  1. Ask the patient to state his or her name
  2. Check the patient’s wrist band
  3. Look at the patient’s chart
  4. Have the patient state his or her name and date of birth

 

Question 2: When is it acceptable for the nurse to take a verbal order from the prescriber before giving a medication to a patient?

  1. During the night shift when the prescriber is not at the hospital
  2. In an emergency situation such as a cardiac arrest
  3. When a patient is experiencing severe pain
  4. At any time it is necessary

 

Question 3: The nurse is giving morning medications to a patient who refuses to take an oral dose of docusate (Colace). What is the nurse’s best response?

  1. Your provider ordered that you must take this drug twice a day
  2. Docusate will soften your bowel movements so that you do not strain
  3. The medication will help prevent constipation while you are on bed rest
  4. Can you tell me why you do not want to take the docusate?

 

Question 4: The provider orders atenolol (Tenormin) 25 mg to be given orally once a day to control a patient’s high blood pressure. The nurse takes the patient’s vital sign and finds the blood pressure is 128/80 and the heart rate is 60 bpm. What does the nurse do first before giving this medication?

  1. Check the order for provider limitations on when the drug should be given
  2. Notify the provider and ask if the drug should be given
  3. Reassess the blood pressure and heart rate in 30 minutes
  4. Give the medication exactly as prescribed

 

Question 5: A sublingual medication is administered by placing the medication in what part of the body?

  1. Between the check and upper jaw
  2. Under the tongue
  3. In the nose
  4. In the eyes

 

Question 6: A patient requires a high dose of a new antihypertensive medication because the new medication has a significant first-pass effect. What does this mean?

  1. The medication must pass through the patient’s bloodstream several times to generate a therapeutic effect
  2. The medication passes through the renal tubules and is excreted in large amounts
  3. The medication is extensively metabolized in the patient’s liver
  4. The medication is ineffective following the first dose and increasingly effective with each subsequent dose

Question 7: Concerning oral administration, some disadvantages are ______________ SELECT ALL THAT APPLY

 

  1. Least economical
  2. Medications taken orally cause emesis
  3. Medications taken orally may be destroyed by gastric acidity
  4. Medications taken orally may be metabolized by gastrointestinal flora
  5. Medications taken orally may be consistently absorbed dur to the presence of food




 

ORAL MEDICATION ROUTE NCLEX QUIZ ANSWERS

Question 1: What is the best way for the nurse to make sure that the right patient is receiving a prescribed drug when the patient is alert and oriented?

  1. Ask the patient to state his or her name
  2. Check the patient’s wrist band
  3. Look at the patient’s chart
  4. Have the patient state his or her name and date of birth

 

Question 2: When is it acceptable for the nurse to take a verbal order from the prescriber before giving a medication to a patient?

  1. During the night shift when the prescriber is not at the hospital
  2. In an emergency situation such as a cardiac arrest
  3. When a patient is experiencing severe pain
  4. At any time it is necessary

 

Question 3: The nurse is giving morning medications to a patient who refuses to take an oral dose of docusate (Colace). What is the nurse’s best response?

  1. Your provider ordered that you must take this drug twice a day
  2. Docusate will soften your bowel movements so that you do not strain
  3. The medication will help prevent constipation while you are on bed rest
  4. Can you tell me why you do not want to take the docusate?

 

Question 4: The provider orders atenolol (Tenormin) 25 mg to be given orally once a day to control a patient’s high blood pressure. The nurse takes the patient’s vital sign and finds the blood pressure is 128/80 and the heart rate is 60 bpm. What does the nurse do first before giving this medication?

  1. Check the order for provider limitations on when the drug should be given
  2. Notify the provider and ask if the drug should be given
  3. Reassess the blood pressure and heart rate in 30 minutes
  4. Give the medication exactly as prescribed

 

Question 5: A sublingual medication is administered by placing the medication in what part of the body?

  1. Between the check and upper jaw
  2. Under the tongue
  3. In the nose
  4. In the eyes

 

Question 6: A patient requires a high dose of a new antihypertensive medication because the new medication has a significant first-pass effect. What does this mean?

  1. The medication must pass through the patient’s bloodstream several times to generate a therapeutic effect
  2. The medication passes through the renal tubules and is excreted in large amounts
  3. The medication is extensively metabolized in the patient’s liver
  4. The medication is ineffective following the first dose and increasingly effective with each subsequent dose

 

Question 7: Concerning oral administration, some disadvantages are ______________ SELECT ALL THAT APPLY

  1. Least economical
  2. Medications taken orally cause emesis
  3. Medications taken orally may be destroyed by gastric acidity
  4. Medications taken orally may be metabolized by gastrointestinal flora
  5. Medications taken orally may be consistently absorbed dur to the presence of food

 




 

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