ATI TEAS GUIDE TO SCIENCE | THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Bodily Organs and Systems – The Reproductive System

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QUIZ QUESTIONS LISTED AT END OF REVIEW

Questions related to the Bodily Organs and Systems will test your knowledge of structures and functions within the ten human organ systems that are essential to life. You may also be tested on vocabulary terms related to your understanding of anatomy. You must understand these vital body systems when caring for patient’s co-morbidities.

Please note that the ATI TEAS will only cover basic knowledge of bodily organs and systems. More in-depth knowledge will be covered in our Anatomy and Physiology Series.

Let’s get started on understanding how the bodily organs and systems are important on the ATI TEAS.




 

THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

The reproductive system is regulated by hormones that influence the male and female reproductive organs and their interactions.

The female gonads are the ovaries, a pair of small glands in the pelvic region where eggs, or ova, are developed. During ovulation, the process by which mature eggs leave the ovaries, an egg will travel through the fallopian tubes toward the uterus. If the egg is fertilized, it will remain in the uterus, or womb, for pregnancy. If it is not, the egg will be flushed out of the body along with the endometrium, a mucous membrane that builds up inside the uterine wall. This process is called the menstrual cycle and typically occurs every 28 days in women.

Male gonads, the testes, are small organs that produce the male sex cells called sperm. In the reproductive process, fertilization occurs when sperm and egg fuse to create a pregnancy.