ATI TEAS GUIDE TO READING | Topic Questions, Main Idea, Identifying Purpose, and Identifying Details

UNDERSTANDING TOPIC QUESTIONS

PDF DOWNLOADS FROM REVIEW

READING PART 2 – Full Page Slides

READING PART 2 – Multiple Slides

READING PART 2 – Slides with Notes

QUIZ QUESTIONS LISTED AT END OF REVIEW

Topic questions on ATI TEAS can be one of two types: (1) differentiate between a topic, theme, main idea, and supporting details, (2) identify the topic sentence or summary sentence of a paragraph or passage.

The topic of a passage is the overall general subject the passage is addressing. The topic sentence can be located anywhere in the passage. Often this sentence is the first sentence, second sentence, or last sentence in the first paragraph of the passage.

Summary sentences are concluding sentences that reiterate the main idea of the passage. Summary sentences may also have a conclusion based on information given in the passage.

Example 1

CPR, also known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is the American Heart Association’s started for attempting to save someone’s life. It is a method used when a patient’s heart has stopped beating.

Most all approaches of CPR begin with resuscitation efforts via chest compressions. In order to perform chest compressions, the rescuer begins by placing both hands flat on the sternum of the patient’s chest and begins pushing down consistently and firmly at equal intervals. Compressions are counted with an unofficial recommendation of 100 chest compressions per minute.

Which of the following sentences is the topic sentence for paragraph two?

A. Most all approaches of CPR begin with resuscitation efforts via chest compressions.

B. Compressions are counted with an unofficial recommendation of 100 chest compressions per minute

C. In order to perform chest compressions, the rescuer begins by placing both hands flat on the sternum of the patient’s chest and begins pushing down consistently and firmly at equal intervals.

The correct answer is A. Paragraph two focuses on how to give chest compressions.

Choice B, C, and D reflect supporting details of the paragraph.




 

UNDERSTANDING MAIN IDEA

Main idea questions refer to the overall content of a passage. This is the general point of the passage or the “overall picture.” The main idea answer cannot be too broad or too specific.

Example 1

CPR, also known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is the American Heart Association’s started for attempting to save someone’s life. It is a method used when a patient’s heart has stopped beating.

Most all approaches of CPR begin with resuscitation efforts via chest compressions. In order to perform chest compressions, the rescuer begins by placing both hands flat on the sternum of the patient’s chest and begins pushing down consistently and firmly at equal intervals. Compressions are counted with an unofficial recommendation of 100 chest compressions per minute.

What is the passages main idea?

  1. How to administer CPR techniques
  2. Various ways that people learn about CPR
  3. Present a review of how people can use CPR daily
  4. Focuses on several ways to save people in danger

The correct answer is A. The passage mainly focuses on how to administer CPR.

UNDERSTANDING AND IDENTIFYING PURPOSE

Understanding and identifying purpose questions will test the user’s knowledge of purpose of a whole passage or part of a passage. The answer choices usually start with the word “to.” For example, the passage may ask, “Why did the author mention ______?” The answer choices would all give reasons for why that detail could have been mentioned.

Example 1

Adopting a dog is a fine thig to do, because many wonderful homeless dogs benefit, and because people benefit from their companionship, unconditional love, beauty, and entertainment value. However, if you have never cared for a dog before, there are some things to consider. If you are away at work all day, you should look into getting two puppies or dogs that get along well and will keep each other company. A pet should be compatible with you in personality and temperament. Do you want a “couch potato” dog or an energetic, playful pet? Puppies are a lot of fun, but their high energy levels and changing nutritional needs mean they require more attention, and puppy immunizations can be expensive. Adult dogs are a better choice if you want a calmer, more relaxed pet that has already learned the basics of self-care and socialization. You must be prepared for the serious commitment of time, attention, and money that goes along with caring for a pet as a family member for 10 to 20 years.

What is the author’s main purpose?

  1. To compare and contrast the behaviors of different dogs
  2. To argue in favor of adopting adult dogs instead of puppies
  3. To give the reader advice to consider adopting dogs
  4. To persuade more people that they should adopt homeless dogs

The correct answer is C. The author’s primary purpose in this passage is to give advice about things that readers should consider before adopting a dog (or dogs).

Choice A is incorrect because the author contrasts the energetic puppy vs the “couch potato” dog but is not the main purpose.

Choice B is incorrect because the author does not argue in favor of adopting either adult dogs or puppies but mentions a few pros and cons of each.

Choice D is incorrect because the author does suggest that adoption will benefit homeless dogs, but the primary purpose of the passage does not persuade more people to adopt dogs versus puppies.





 

UNDERSTANDING AND IDENTIFYING DETAILS

Understanding and identifying detail questions require understanding specific facts from the passage. These facts are smaller issues raised during passage rather than the “overall picture.” The often begin with a phrase such as “According to the author,” and typically ask “how” and “what” questions.

Important Note: detail questions are always given directly in the passage.

Example 1

CPR, also known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is the American Heart Association’s started for attempting to save someone’s life. It is a method used when a patient’s heart has stopped beating.

Most all approaches of CPR begin with resuscitation efforts via chest compressions. In order to perform chest compressions, the rescuer begins by placing both hands flat on the sternum of the patient’s chest and begins pushing down consistently and firmly at equal intervals. Compressions are counted with an unofficial recommendation of 100 chest compressions per minute. The goal of CPR is to help an unresponsive person start breathing again.

According to the passage, what is the goal of CPR?

  1. To prevent a person who has lost consciousness from drowning
  2. To help an unconscious person regain consciousness
  3. To help an unresponsive person start breathing again
  4. To help an unresponsive person become mobile again

The correct answer is C. The detail question asks you to identify the goal of CPR, according to the passage. The paragraph states that the goal of CPR is to help an unresponsive person start breathing on his or her own. The correct answer is stated directly in the passage.

ATI TEAS READING QUIZ REVIEW TWO

Quiz for ATI TEAS Reading Part Two: Understanding Topic, Main Idea, Purpose, and Detail Questions